Sunday, June 9, 2019

RNA silencing for the prevention of Phytophthora root rot in avocado Literature review

RNA silencing for the disallowion of genus Phytophthora line of descent rot in avocado - Literature review ExampleSo, the scientists and the concerned people have found out a way to tackle this menace 2. It is the use of RNA. The RNA is used to inhibit specific gene normal of the plants to prevent Phytophthora root rot in avocado plants. It was further found that the growing population is causing a sharp improver in the demand of the avocado across all over the world 3. In order meet the rise in the demand, the farmers or the cultivators are using a number of elements to increase the production of the avocados. Overuse of the elements is further affecting the plants. The plants are getting affected by pests. Among them the rot root fungi is the most leafy vegetable form of the pests. Excessive spread of the fungi would destroy the crop and highly affect the cultivation of the crops so the scientists have discovered a number of methods which would prevent this. Among them RNA sl icing is one of the most common methods for the prevention of Phytophthora root rot in avocado. According to a study, it was found that the Phytophthora root rot in avocado is primarily caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi, which is an economically important disease in the avocados around the world 1. The crops when affected with fungi and gets harmed with Phytophthora root rot, it completely destroys the crops and leaving co crop for sell and make money out of it. In Australian agriculture, economic cost of losing were estimated in forward 20 years to be more than AUS$200 million per year and around US$44million in California annually . The RNA silencing is used to increase the resistance of the avocado trees with the help of transgenic rootstocks. It is expected to reduce the incidences of fungi attack on the avocado plants.It was found that the fungi attack on the avocado trees could be prevented with the help of RNA interference process 4. The authors further explain RNA interfere nce as a cellular process where the RNA molecules

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